Community Design Indicators
The Tracking Network currently contains data on the following indicators related to community design.
This indicator provides county and state level data about the number and percentage of people living within half a mile of a park and within half a mile of a public elementary school. These data can provide a measurement for the access people have to places where they can participate in physical activity.
This indicator can
- help policy makers, planning departments, and school districts better understand the impact of access to parks and schools upon public health and inform decisions when siting parks or schools.
- be used to integrate park and school-siting into broader community planning processes.
- serve as a benchmark to demonstrate the impact that changes in the location of parks and schools can have on activity levels, time spent outdoors, obesity rates, and chronic diseases.
This indicator provides census tract, county, and state level data on commute times for workers 16 years and older using different types of transportation. These data can be used to assess a community's need for changes in transportation behaviors and infrastructure. Also, they can serve as a benchmark to show possible effects of commute time changes on variables such as air pollution, physical activity, and traffic safety over time.
This indicator links to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s state traffic safety information.
This indicator provides county and state level data about the number and percentage of public schools sited within 150m of a highway and number and percentage of people living within 150m of a highway. These data may be used as a surrogate measure for exposure to traffic-related air pollution.
This indicator provides county and state level data on the number and percentage of workers aged 16 years and older and the types of transportation they used to get to work. These data may be used to understand the different commute options at different geographic scales.