Women who are pregnant or may become pregnant can take several steps to have a healthy pregnancy and birth including:
- Stop smoking and avoid secondhand smoke
- Do not use alcohol or illegal drugs
- Visit your doctor for screening for infections and treatment
- Get preconception health care and early prenatal health care and follow nutritional and other advice carefully
- Don't work hard or stay outdoors when the Air Quality Index shows unhealthy levels of particulate matter and other air pollutants
- Cut out or reduce any indoor sources of particulate matter, like wood-burning stoves and fireplaces, and try to reduce the amount of time spent outdoors near areas with lots of traffic
- Stay away from lead.
- Stay away from mercury.
- Some fish, especially albacore tuna, may have been contaminated with mercury. State health departments send out public fish consumption guidelines that pregnant women can follow.
- Do not use pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, rodenticides, miticides, and fungicides) if you are pregnant.
- Stay away from rooms that have been recently sprayed with insecticides and from other areas with potential pesticide exposure.
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